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Mr. Waqas Nawaz presented on the topic "Doctrine of Non-Interference and Institutional Crisis in Pakistan" during an internal knowledge session held at BIPP on July 5, 2019.

Mr. Waqas Nawaz presented on the topic "Doctrine of Non-Interference and Institutional Crisis in Pakistan" during an internal knowledge session held at BIPP on July 5, 2019. The speaker explained that the doctrine which prescribes each person, institution or other avenues of power to refrain from meddling with the affairs of other institutions of power. Not interfering into the sphere of others ensures harmony and stability in the political order. Plato's concept of justice supports this doctrine. Mr. Nawaz explained by justice, he means the division of labor and functional specialization where each class (actor) has his/her own specifications, roles, and functions. The audience was informed that Montesquieu took this concept further: he links it to the role of the executive, judicial and legislative branches of a state that have specific functions and roles in any society. The presenter argued that Pakistan’s record of institutional interference is the leading cause of political instability. The unchecked use of 58 2(b) by the executive, martial laws administrators and judicial activism are clear examples of institutional interference in Pakistan's political fabric thus the solution is embracing the doctrine of non-interference is essential. The session ended with a healthy session of question and answers between the presenter and the audience.

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