Following a 12-year stint at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica California, Dr. de Tray joined the World Bank’s Research Department in 1983. He was appointed the Bank's Research Administrator in 1987 and moved to the Bank’s Latin American operations complex in 1992. His last assignments at the Bank were as Country Director for Indonesia, 1994-1999, and then Central Asia, 2001-2006. For the past nine years, he has been Adviser to the President, and member of the Board of Trustees of Nazarbayev University, a new English language university in Astana, Kazakhstan. In Astana, he has spent the past 10 years building a world-class University from scratch. He is also a principal with the Results for Development Institute and a non-resident fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) both in Washington D.C. Since leaving the World Bank, his consulting work has included advising: the US military in Iraq and Afghanistan; the governments of Kazakhstan and East Timor; and the Aga Khan Development Network. Dr. de Tray and his wife Mary have lived in many parts of Asia: Pakistan (1977-1979), Indonesia (1994-1999), Vietnam (1990-2001), and Kazakhstan (2002-2017). He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the D.C. Youth Orchestra Program, a Washington D.C. based NGO, and of the Buck Institute’s, Advisory Council; The Buck is a California based Institute for the study of aging. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago. Dr. de Tray grew up in Kenya, East Africa.